Jupiter was rated as the 9th Happiest Seaside Town in America by Coastal Living in 2012.
The area where the town now sits was originally named for the Hobe Indian tribe which lived at the mouth of the Loxahatchee River, and whose name is also preserved in the name of nearby Hobe Sound. A mapmaker misunderstood the Spanish spelling “Jobe” of the Indian name “Hobe” and recorded it as “Jove”. Subsequent mapmakers further misunderstood this to be the Latin translation of the god Jupiter, and they anglicized the name from Jove to “Jupiter”. The Roman god Jupiter (or Zeus in the Greek mythology) is the chief Roman god, and god of light, of the sky and weather, and of the state and its welfare and its laws. Jupiter’s consort was Juno, inspiring a neighboring town to name itself “Juno Beach“.
The most notable landmark is the Jupiter Inlet Lighthouse, completed in 1860. Made of brick, it was painted red in 1910 to cover discoloration caused by humidity. Hurricane Jeanne in 2004 sandblasted the paint from the upper portion of the tower, and the tower was repainted using a potassium silicate mineral coating. The lighthouse is often used as the symbol for Jupiter.
The television program American Horror Story: Freak Show was set in Jupiter.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 21.1 square miles (55 km2). 20.0 square miles (52 km2) of it is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) of it is water. The total area is 6.35% water.
|2010 Census||Jupiter||Palm Beach County||Florida|
|Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010||+40.2%||+16.7%||+17.6%|
|Population density||2,569.5/sq mi||670.2/sq mi||350.6/sq mi|
|White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic)||90.6%||73.5%||75.0%|
|(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian)||82.6%||60.1%||57.9%|
|Black or African-American||1.5%||17.3%||16.0%|
|Hispanic or Latino (of any race)||12.7%||19.0%||22.5%|
|Native American or Native Alaskan||0.5%||0.5%||0.4%|
|Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian||0.0%||0.1%||0.1%|
|Two or more races (Multiracial)||1.7%||2.3%||2.5%|
|Some Other Race||3.7%||3.9%||3.6%|
As of 2010, there were 29,825 households out of which 19.8% were vacant. In 2000, 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% are married couples living together, 8.4% have a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% are non-families. 25.8% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.4% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.32 and the average family size is 3.15
In 2000, the town the population is spread out with 20.7% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 42 years. For every 100 females there are 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 94.2 males.
In 2000, the median income for a household in the town is $54,945, and the median income for a family is $64,873. Males have a median income of $44,883 versus $33,514 for females. The per capita income for the town is $35,088. 4.8% of the population and 3.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 4.7% of those under the age of 18 and 4.7% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Jupiter’s population is served by two public high schools, Jupiter Community High School located in Jupiter, and William T. Dwyer High School, located in Palm Beach Gardens. Jupiter Christian School is a private school located in the town.
Fire Rescue Department
Since 1984, Palm Beach County Fire Rescue provides fire protection and emergency medical services to the citizens of the Town of Jupiter. There are three fire stations assigned to the town:
- Station 16 – Engine 16, Rescue 16 and Brush 616;
- Station 18 – Engine 18 and Rescue 18;
- Station 19 – Engine 19, Rescue 19, Special Operations 19, Brush 19 and 3 command vehicles.
Station 19 is the headquarters for Battalion 1, which covers Jupiter, Juno Beach, Lake Park and unincorporated areas of Palm Beach County such as Jupiter Farms and Palm Beach Country Estates.
The Jupiter Police Department consists of 110 sworn officers and 25 civilian support staff personnel, and maintains its headquarters in Town Hall. Its operational divisions include Road Patrol, Criminal Investigations, Traffic, K-9, Marine, Beach Patrol, Crime Scene Investigation, SWAT and Hostage Negotiation. The department also has a volunteer Community Emergency Response Team, and sponsors a Police Explorer Post.
The following list includes persons who were born in Jupiter, previously lived in Jupiter, or currently reside in Jupiter.
- Robert Allenby – Australian professional golfer on the PGA Tour
- Tori Amos – singer-songwriter
- Rick Ankiel – professional Major League Baseball player
- Briny Baird – professional golfer on the PGA tour
- David O. Blanchard – atmospheric scientist and tornado expert
- Don Brewer – drummer, singer, original member of Grand Funk Railroad
- Shelby Chesnes – Playboy‘s Miss July 2012
- Celine Dion – Grammy Award-winning Canadian singer
- Ernie Els – South African professional golfer on the PGA Tour and European Tour
- Rickie Fowler – professional golfer on the PGA Tour 
- Hermes Franca – Brazilian mixed martial artist and UFC fighter
- Drew Garrett – actor
- Dustin Johnson – professional golfer on the PGA Tour
- Bill Parcells – Hall of Fame pro football coach New York Giants, New England Patriots, and New York Jets
- Bryant Gumbel – television journalist
- Jack Hanna – zookeeper and animal expert
- Hugh Howey – writer
- F. Ross Johnson – CEO of RJR Nabisco during the leveraged buyout.
- Michael Jordan – iconic NBA basketball player, Hall of Fame inductee, and current majority owner of the NBA’s Charlotte Hornets
- Debi Laszewski – IFBB professional bodybuilder
- Daryl Logullo – business executive and Ecommerce Thought Leader
- Jamie Lovemark – professional golfer on the PGA Tour
- Will MacKenzie – professional golfer on the PGA Tour
- Shanna McLaughlin – Playboy model
- Cody Parkey – professional football player
- Jesper Parnevik – Swedish professional golfer on the PGA Tour
- Kurt Pellegrino – UFC fighter
- Charles Nelson Reilly – actor and teacher, lived in a house given to him by Burt Reynolds, who had previously lived in it with Sally Field.
- Burt Reynolds – actor, famous for films such as Smokey and the Bandit and Deliverance
- Wayne Rosenthal, major league baseball pitcher and coach
- Mike Schmidt – Hall of Fame major league baseball player
- Scott Sharp – 1996 IndyCar Series champion, competitor in American Le Mans Series.
- Dara Torres – five-time Olympic swimmer and gold medalist
- Charles Vanik – former Democratic congressman from Ohio
- Camilo Villegas – Colombian professional golfer on the PGA Tour
- Brett Wetterich – professional golfer on the PGA Tour
- Michelle Wie – professional golfer on the LPGA Tour
Points of Interest
- Jupiter Inlet Lighthouse, listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1973.
- Jupiter is the home to the Miami Marlins and St. Louis Cardinals spring training facilities as well as one of their respective Class A Minor League Baseballaffiliates, the Jupiter Hammerheads and Palm Beach Cardinals. They share the use of the Roger Dean Stadium complex. Both minor league squads compete in the Florida State League.
- William P. Gwinn Airport is located in Jupiter.
- Jupiter is home to Florida Atlantic University‘s MacArthur Campus. This northern campus of FAU is also the location of the Harriet L. Wilkes Honors College
- Palm Beach International Raceway a racing facility built in 1965, and was remodeled in 2008 in an attempt to obtain a FIA Grade II Certification. The Facility currently host several IHRA and NHRA sportsman events as well as an ARCA Remax Series Event
- The Jupiter Outdoor Center is the longest standing coastal kayaking and paddleboarding outfitter in Jupiter and is located directly across the waterway from the Jupiter Inlet Lighthouse and Museum.
- The Scripps Research Institute has opened a satellite campus adjacent to the MacArthur Campus of Florida Atlantic University in Jupiter. Approximately 360 scientists and technical staff operate in a 350,000-square-foot (33,000 m2) state of the art research facility. Scripps Florida focuses on the development of therapeutic opportunities in several disease areas.
- LORAN-C transmitter Jupiter
- Busch Wildlife Sanctuary, a non-profit, educational based care facility for injured wild animals.